Charles I and the Reform
1. Charles I
Charles of Austria is the major figure in the political history of the first half of the XVI century. He was born in 1500 in Flanders and was the son of Philip the Handsome (who was the son of Emperor Maximilian I of Germany) and Juana the Crazy (the daughter of the Catholic Monarchs). He inherited four fabulous lands: Spain (Castile, Aragon, the Kingdom of Naples and the lands of America), Burgundy (with the Netherlands, the Free County of Burgundy and Luxembourg), Austria and the Milanese. (Refer to the map).
He also acquired the right to be elected to the German imperial crown. In 1519, he was elected Emperor of Germany and therefore called Charles I of Spain and V of Germany. He possessed the largest known empire and had a clear priority: the defense of Christianity.
2. Indicate whether the statements are true or false: