During the XVI century, Spain and Portugal constituted their colonial empires, but in the XVII century rising colonial powers were Holland, England and France, a situation which was favoured by the loss of the Invincible Armada.
The Dutch empire covered: in Asia, Sonda’s islands (Sumatra, Java and Borneo), the Cape of Good Hope and Ceilan, and in South America the Dutch Guiana.
English were settled in India and in the Atlantic area of North America.
French were placed in India, Canada, Louisiana (EEUU) and Senegal.
Between English and French took place a rivalry in certain areas:
- INDIA. Confrontation between French and English. At first, France subdued may Indian princes and extender its control over huge areas between the bays of Oman and Bengal. The French Lally Tollendal was defeated by the English Clive. In the Paris Peace, French possessions were reduced to five cities, while the rest of them passed to English hands.
- NORTH AMERICA. French were settled in Canada and Louisiana, while English were settled in thirteen colonies in the Atlantic coast of North America. The fight started to be favourable to England when French General Moncalm was defeated by Englishman Wolf and had to capitulate in Montreal. English became the main power in the colonies.
2. Answer if the following facts are about India or North America: