The Religious Wars
1. The Struggles in the Netherlands
The Protestant Reformation broke the spiritual unity of the Middle Ages and led to a series of wars with extraordinary cruelty for an entire century.
Although Charles I was born in Ghent, a city of the Netherlands, the Spanish dominance was not well received by the Flemings, who complained of religious persecution against the Calvinists. William of Nassau, Prince of Orange, signed the Compromise of Breda with the nobles to ask the regent Margaret of Parma the abolition of the Inquisition. During this time, the Calvinists sacked more than four hundred convents in a period of four days. This caused the rebellion.
The development of the uprising. Philip II granted the command of the army to the Duke of Alba and to the Tribunal of Riots and ordered the execution of thousands of Flemish. (See image). The Prince of Orange assembled an army of Calvinists and the war began. Philip II took the Duke of Alba out of the command and replaced him with Don Luis of Requesens, Don John of Austria and Alexander Farnese succeeded. At the end, Philip II ceded the Netherlands to his daughter Isabella Clara Eugenia, who was married to the Archduke Albert.
2. Indicate whether the statements are true or false: