History of Greece
1. The history of Greece
Studying the history of Greece is like knowing the origins of our civilization. The Greek spirit has been the starting point for all the subsequent culture. Thus, we are their direct heirs.
We can distinguish several periods:
- The Period of invasions: There were three waves of people that arrived to Greece. the Ionians in 3000 B.C., then the Achaeans and finally the Dorians in 1200 B.C.
- The period of colonization: because of the pressure of the Dorians, in the VIII century B.C., many Ionians and Achaeans settled in Asia Minor, Sicily, Magna Graecia (Southern Italy), Marseille (South of France) and Ampurias (Spain).
- The period of splendor: Darius, the great Persian king, had three Greco-Persian wars against the Greek cities of the Peloponnese, which ended with a definitive triumph of Sparta. This period excelled with Pericles.
- The Hellenistic period: the King of Macedonia, Alexander the Great, easily defeated the weakened Greek cities. But the successors of Alexander fought each other for the succession to the throne and Rome conquered the entire Persian Empire in the II century B.C.
2. Indicate if these sentences refer to the invasions, to the colonization, to the splendor or to the Hellenistic period