Other historical civilizations
1. The Phoenicians
Phoenicia is a small strip of land on the eastern Mediterranean coast. They were organized in independent cities, such as Byblos, Tyre and Sidon. They worked in the fishing, in the tool making like fabrics, vessels, glassware and weapons, but they especially worked in the trade.
With their ships, they went over the Mediterranean, crossed the Pillars of Hercules (Strait of Gibraltar) and arrived with the tin to the current England and to the South African coast of Guinea. In order to trade with other parts of the peninsula, they founded the colonies of Malacca (Malaga) and Gadir (Cádiz) in Spain.
The greatest cultural contribution of the Phoenicians was the invention of the phonetic alphabet of 22 signs (the Greek and Latin alphabet).
2. The Hebrew
They were a nomadic people of shepherd who settled in Palestine. It was the people chosen by God to preserve the monotheism religion (one god, Yahweh) recorded in the holy book, the Bible. One of the Hebrew symbols is the seven-lamp lampstand (see the picture).
The best time of the Hebrew corresponds to the X century B. C. The King David established the capital in Jerusalem. Solomon was the most important king: he built the great Temple of Jerusalem and stood out because of his wisdom.
3. Indicate if these sentences refer to the Phoenicians or to the Hebrews: