Population: 10,183,437 inhabitants
Land surface: 78,870 km2
Currency: Czech Krone
GDP per capita: US$ 20.539
Official name: Ceska Republika. Capital: Prague (Praha) 1,170,000 inhabitants (2003).
Other cities (inhabitants – 2000): Brno 382,800; Ostrava 320,900; Olomouc 102,800.
Government: parliamentary republic Religion: Catholics (39%), Protestants (4.3%), Orthodox (3%), and 40% of the population is atheist.
Geography. In the west of the country, the Bohemian Mountain extends limiting the southeast with the Moravia plain. Cereals and sugar beet are cultivated and cattle and sheep are bred in the lowlands. Rye and potatoes are cultivated in the Bohemian valleys. The region is rich in minerals: coal, lignite, uranium and graphite, while in Moravia there is coal.
Population: 38,022,140 inhabitants
Land surface: 312,685 km2
Currency: Polish Zloty
GDP per capita: US$ 13,847
Official name: Polska Rzeczpospolita.
Capital: Warsaw (Warszawa) 2,200,000 inhabitants (2003).
Other cities (inhabitants – 2000): Lodz 1,017,300; Krakow 784,800; Wroclaw 634,600; Poznan 580,200.
Government: Bronisław Komorowski, president since August 2012
Religion: Most of the population is Catholic (90,7%); Orthodox (1.4%); Protestant and other (7.9%).
Geography: The north of Poland has a lot of plains, where the Wisla, Warhat and Oder rivers flow. There are also coniferous forests, and rye, potatoes and flax are grown. In the center of Poland there are plains and plateaus with arable land and great agricultural production: sugar beet and cereals. The southern region on the northern slopes of the Carpathians is less fertile. There are many mineral resources: coal in Silesia (fourth largest producer); sulfur in Tarnobrzeskie (second largest producer); copper, zinc and lead. The most important industries are of steel, chemicals and naval construction.
Population: 5,392,350 inhabitants
Land surface: 49,030 km2
Currency: Slovak Koruna
GDP per capita: US$ 15,871
Official name: Slovenska Republika. Capital: Bratislava 460,000 inhabitants (1999)Other cities (inhabitants – 2000): Kosice 244,400; Presov 95,300; Zilina 87,600; Nitra 87,400; Banská Bystrica 84,400. Government: parliamentary republic Religion: Catholics 60.3%, not religious and atheist 9.7%, Slovak evangelical 6.2%, Protestants 3.5%, Greek Catholics 3.4%, Orthodox 0.7%, others 18%.
Geography. The Carpathian Mountains occupy a large part of Slovakia. The mountainous areas are covered by forests, which sustain an important logging industry. Agriculture is concentrated in the fertile plains of the Danube and Uh rivers (grasses, potatoes, sugar beet, fruit and vegetable products). The country has abundant resources of metals, copper, zinc, lead and mercury. There are also deposits of oil, coal and natural gas.
Population: 141,780,033 inhabitants
Geography. Russia is divided into five great regions. It is the world’s largest country with 17 million km2. The European region, between the western border and the Ural Mountains (conventional boundary between Europe and Asia), is a vast plain crossed by the Volga, Don and Dnieper (Dnepr) rivers. This region is the richest region of the Russian Federation. The Ural Mountains, which extend from north to south, have important mineral deposits and abundant petroleum in its peripheral zones. Siberia, between the Ural Mountains and the Pacific coast, is rich in mineral resources; however, it is scarcely populated due to the harsh weather conditions. The Caucasus region is a vast steppe that extends north of its own mountains, between the Black and the Caspian seas. From Central Asia, a large depression comprising of deserts, steppes and mountains extends. In the plains, cereals, potatoes and sugar beets are grown; in Central Asia, cotton and fruits are grown; in the Caucasus and the Black Sea subtropical area, vineyards and citrus are grown. The country has vast mineral resources: oil, coal, iron, copper, zinc, lead, bauxite, manganese and tin in the Urals, Caucasus and Central Siberia.
1. Answer by indicating to which country the statement refers to: Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia, or Russia.