5. The mystery of the Holy Trinity
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  Introduction

    The most important secret of divine faith that Jesus Christ revealed is the mystery of the Holy Trinity. Jesus told about his Father (God) and the Holy Spirit (God); and said that he and his father are one (John 10:30), because he is the Son of God. The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are one God and not three because they have the same divine nature, although there are three really distinct entities.

    The revelation of his private life is that God is one in essence and triune (three) in entities. It is the greatest and deepest of all mysteries. It is also the fundamental mystery of our faith and our Christian life. We should try to know and live it! the Creed or Symbol is the explanation of the Trinitarian mystery: what God is and what he has done for his creatures with the creation, the redemption and the sanctification.

  A. Choose one of the following options and answer:

 The most important mystery is the holy  
 The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are three gods
 
 There are three divine entities  
 The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are one God  
 They have the same divine nature  
 The Father is the Son
 
 The Father is God  

1. The Trinity, the mystery of one God and three different entities  

    We can never understand the mysteries because we are limited. However, we must try to know them better, so that our faith is solid and strong.

    The mystery of the Holy Trinity says that there is one essence and three distinct entities in God: Father, Son and holy Spirit, each of them is God. They are not three gods but one God.

    We can compare this mystery with the sun: the sun is in the sky and produces light and heat; the light and the heat are not different from the sun. The Trinity is something similar: the Son and the Holy Spirit are equal in nature, but they are one God.

    The Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God. Three entities and one God.

2. Salvation, the work of the Trinity

    The triune God has done all created things. God created the world, although it is attributed to the Father; God accomplished the redemption, even though the Son became man and died on the cross; God sanctifies us, although it is attributed to the Holy Spirit. Hence, when we thank God for all he has done for us, we must give thanks to God the Father, to God the Son and to God the Holy Spirit.

3. Triune's inhabitation

    Although it is not easy to explain, it is truth that the man who lives in grace (no mortal sin) is living temple of the Blessed Trinity (Jhon 14,23). From the baptism, if we do not reject God by mortal sin, God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit is in our soul.

    We have God in our lives to sanctify and to help us because he loves us. We can talk to the Trinity, knowing that we are heard and our prayers are answered. we know it because of the faith, altough we do not see it or feel it. When we are in grace, we are the temple of God!

  B. There are 6 true sentences and 4 false sentences. Select the true ones:

 

 We can understand all the divine mysteries

   We can compare the mystery of the Holy Trinity with the sun
   God, one and triune created the world
   The creation is attributed to the Holy Spirit
   God accomplished the Redemption
   The Son became man and died on the cross
   Redemption is attributed to the Father
   Sanctification is attributed to the Holy Spirit
   When we are in grace, we are the temple of God
   The Holy Spirit is only in the soul

4. We will see the Holy Trinity in the heaven

    Here on earth, we know that God is in our soul and that the Christian life is a struggle to avoid sin. If we are devoted and if we love God more and more, he will grant the greatest thing that we can achieve: to see him face to face. The big prize of heaven is to see God: contemplate, praise, love and enjoy for all eternity of the Blessed Trinity. All the greatness, beauty and goodness is with each of us.

    At Mount Horeb, Moses asked to see the face of God, and the Lord answered him that no man can see him without dying. However, in heaven the soul will be able to see what Moses wanted to see in the earth: the majesty of God.

5. We have to praise the Holy Trinity

    Thanks to the faith we realize that being a Christian is a wonderful thing. God loves us in an amazing way: he has created us for love, he has redeemed us from our sins by dying for us, he lives in our soul and if we are faithful, he will give us the eternal heaven. He has given us the church and the sacraments so that we can easily know what we have do and live as good Christians. We have to compensate this love, and the Christian life must be a continual praise to the Trinity.

    We profess faith in the Trinity when we cross ourselves saying "in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit"; when we pray the "Glory to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit"; when we pray the Gloria Be or the Creed at Mass, and at the end of the Eucharistic Prayer. We seek to pray these prayers and praises with faith and conscience, so that our whole life be a continual praise to God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit.


Catechesis Course. Mister Jaime Pujol Balcells and Mister Jesús Sancho Bielsa. EUNSA. Navarra. 1982. With the author's permission.


  C. There are 5 true sentenes and 2 false sentences. Select the true ones:

   The Christian life is a struggle to avoid sin
   We can praise and love God in hell
   The important thing is to live in grace
   Abraham asked to see the face of God
   We can see the face of God In heaven
   God created us to love
   The Christian life must be a continual praise

  Catechism's question

1. What is the mystery of the Holy Trinity?  The mystery of the Holy Trinity is that three different entities live in one divine essence: Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

2. How many entities are there in God?  In God there are three persons: Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

3. Each of the three Persons of the Holy Trinity is God?  Each of the three persons of the Holy Trinity the Father is God, the Son is God and the Holy Spirit is God

4. Are there three Gods?  There is only one God, because they have one divine nature.

5. Why do we say that the Holy Trinity is a mystery?  We say that the Holy Trinity is a mystery because the intellect can not understand all the greatness of the triune God.

6. Will we understand the mystery of the Holy Trinity in heaven ?  In heaven we will understand the mystery of the Holy Trinity, as the Angels and Saints.

  D. Select the button for the correct answers that are below: 

 QUESTIONS
 ANSWERS
 What is the mystery of the Holy Trinity?  
 How many entities are there in God?  
 Which of the three entities of the Holy Trinity is God?  
 Are there three Gods?  
 Why do we say that the Holy Trinity is a mystery?  
 Will we understand the mystery of the Holy Trinity in heaven?  

 POSSIBLE ANSWERS
 A  Each of the three entities of the Holy Trinity is God: the Father is God, the Son is God, the Holy Spirit is God.
 B  Because the intellect can not understand the greatness of the triune God.
 C  Three really distinct entities exist in one divine essence: Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
 D  No, because they have a unique divine nature.
 E  Yes, as the Angels and Saints.
 F  Three entities: Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
 

  Purposes of Christian life

- Learn the Creed and recite it with devotion.

- Consider that the Holy Trinity is in the soul in grace.



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