8. The emotions
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Name: ______________________________________  Subject: _______________________ Date: _______

Write on the right side what is missing.

  1. The emotions

   The emotions are movements of our sensitive taste, and are revealed as an inclination to obtain a good and reject and evade an evil.

   The following emotions could be discerned:

   a) Love is the inclination to join the good.

   b) El odio es la tendencia a huir, a separarse o destruir el mal.

   c) Wish is about a future good.

   d) Loathing is about a rejection of a future evil.

   e) Joy is about satisfaction for a current good.

   f) Sorrow is the dissatisfaction for a current evil.

   g) Hope is an inclination towards an affordable good.

   h) Dispair is what is produced when a future good is not affordable.

   i) Boldness is what defeats a great evil when it threaten us. amenaza.

   j) Fear is born of an evil which seems unbeatable.

   k) Anger is the dissatisfaction against a current and fearsome evil.

  A. Answer with one of these letters: a, b, c. (If it turns red, then your answer is correct)

  1. Emotions are movements of our ... taste

    a. sensitive
    b. rational
    c. imaginary

 

  2. The inclination to flee or to destroy evil is the

    a. love
    b. hate
    c. sorrow

 

 3. The satisfaction for a current good is the

    a. joy
    b. love
    c. hope

 

 4. The rejection of a future evil is

    a. hate
    b. dispair
    c. loathing

 

 5. What defeats evil is

    a. fear
    b. boldness
    c. sorrow

 

 6. The dissatisfaction against a current and fearsome evil is

    a. loathing
    b. hate
    c. anger

 

  2. Elements of the emotions

   Inside our emotions, we can distinguish: knowledge, tendency, affective state and organic impact.

   First example: when confronting a threatening situation, we know that a danger is scaring us. Then, we experienced an inclination to avoid that danger, and we feel fear or annoyance. Last, we suffer an organic reaction, as tremors, sweating and screaming.

   Second example: when we experienced a misfortune, we feel the knowldege of what have happened, the desire of doing nothing, an emotional state of displeasure, disgust and despair, and the organic consequences, as crying and paleness of face.

  B. Answer with one of these letters: a, b, c.

  1. The elements of emotions are

    a. two
    b. three
    c. four

 

  2. Being aware of a danger is part of the

    a. knowledge
    b. tendency
    c. emotional state

 

 3. Avoid danger or evil is part of the

    a. knowledge
    b. tendency
    c. organic result

 

 4. Crying is the

    a. knowledge
    b. tendency
    c. organic result

 

 5. Annoyance and despair is the

    a. inclination
    b. emotional state
    c. organic result

 

 6. Knowing a misfortune is

    a. knowledge
    b. tendency
    c. emotional state

 

  3. Theories about the emotions

   There are two theories to explain emotions: the first is based on organic results as the main force of emotional states. The second defends the emotional state result of knowledge as the most important, and organic results as a consequence of the first cause.

   The first theory was developed by North American psychologist W. James, who maintains that “we are sad because we cry”, while other experts defend that “we cry because we are sad”, and we are sad because we know something unfortunate or negative.

  C. Answer with one of these words: a, b or c.

  1. The first theory gives importance to

    a. emotional state
    b. organic results
    c. knowledge

 

  2. The second theory maintains that:

    a. emotional state
    b. organic results
    c. knowledge

 

 3.“We are sad because we cry” is said by

    a. the second theory
    b. other psychologists
    c. W. James

 

 4. The second theory maintains that we cry because we

    a. know something negative
    b. are sad
    c. have a tendency to the negative

 

 5. W. James says:

    a. We cry because we are sad
    b. we are sad because we cry
    c. we cry for knowing something unfortunate

 

 6. A negative knowledge come before

    a. organic results
    b. tendency
    c. emotional state

 




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®Arturo Ramo García.-Record of intellectual property of Teruel (Spain) No 141, of 29-IX-1999
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