11. The will and the habit
1. The voluntary act
It is what is done with knowledge of the purpose, after reflecting. This event involve the intelligence to conceive the purpose and deliberate; and the will that decides and executes the action.
The phases of the voluntary act are four:
a) Conception of the purpose, that is, to understand and define what it is intended.
b) Deliberation, that is, to reflect what we can and must do.
c) Decision, which end the process of deliberation and one of the possibilities is chosen as purpose.
d) Execution, which is to realize the determined purpose.
The will is the faculty of rational beings to govern their actions. The act of the will is called "volition" and currently "want".
The will can dominate reflexes, such as control the sneeze and not close the eyelids when the body approaches eyes. The will can dominate instinct and eat more of what you don´t like or not eat something appetizing.
It influences memory and makes the effort to remember something. The will starts up the intelligence to study and do homework.