6. The memory
1. Fixation, conservation and recognition
Memory is the ability to remember. It is accompanied by the power of knowing. It is important because if we forget what we know from one moment to the next, then learning would not be necessary.
Six phases or aspects can be distinguished in relation to memory: fixation, maintenance, recognition, spontaneous evocation, voluntary evocation and temporalization.
Fixation is necessary so that psychic facts and events are recorded or fixed in a person’s memory. Recording or fixation is not the same for all humans; it depends on physical, physiological and psychological conditions.
The physical conditions include intensity, duration and repetition. A loud noise is recorded better than a weak noise; or events that last longer than shorter ones. Events are recorded even better if they are repeated. It is much better if a student repeats a lesson several times after understanding it, than if he or she just reads it once.
Physiological conditions refer to the neural links, age and state of health.
The psychic conditions are very important for learning. The teacher's explanation is best recorded when you pay attention and are interested in the lesson. When you are more concentrated and have fewer distractions, whatever you study will be better recorded.
The preservation of memory depends on training brain cells or neurons.
To recognize is to know again, that is, to realize that what we hear or see now we have heard or seen before. Recognition is easier than knowing, because things that we recognize are familiar.