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Name: ______________________________________  Subject: _______________________ Date: _______


    I, your computer, have no ability to "betray you". I would be a "traitor", if I consciously refuse to give you the data you ask me for. If one time I fail you, do not call me a "traitor"; instead go see a computer technician. I am no more than a machine without a soul and without feelings. I do not have space to be a "traitor" nor the loyalty which is the opposite virtue. Loyalty is a thing of loyal people just like you.    It is not easy to explain what loyalty is. I have given you a vague idea already, because l told you that it is the opposite of treason. But, even if it is difficult I am going to try again. Can you help me?

       Over the course of life, people come together, form bonds and links with other people, groups and institutions. When we say that we "belong" to a certain family, to a club, to a college, etc. , we would like to express this: that we have linked ourselves in one way or another to a particular group.

      By now you must have realized already that the words "bond", "link", "belong to”, etc., repeat themselves. This is fundamental to loyalty. It is not necessary for this linkage to be manifested with words or in writing. Generally, children and friends do not make explicit statements of belonging. Friendship and the family have some implicit links, which are implicit, and which are enough.

    Loyalty, therefore, is to commit to maintain the links that we have contracted with others (friends, family, school, clubs, etc.) by strengthening and protecting the values that are present in them (friendship, family, sports, etc.).

     Another way, which is more brief and clear, would be: to maintain and fulfill what is promised.

      To sum it up: A person is loyal when he or she remains with the group or a person with whom there is a link. When you protect, support and defend the values (such as friendship, sports, family, religion, etc.) of the institution to which you are linked to.

    If at a given moment a conflict arises, for example that you cannot be fair at the same time with both your friend and with your club, loyalty naturally leads us to decide according to the greatest importance of the values of the institutions in conflict. And once the decision is made, we must explain, out of loyalty, to the other institution, which could feel betrayed, the reasons for our decision. This is why some say that the one who notifies, is not a traitor.

    You will learn about loyalty by:

    * Developing the sense of honor within you.

    * Taking into account the dignity of others.

    * Acting with responsibility.

    * Being constant and faithful when fulfilling your duties.

    * Not cheating in games.

    * Accepting with an open heart the standards of the institution to which you are linked.

    A loyal person can ensure the stability and proper functioning of the institutions. Of friendship, above all, which is the strongest pillar that supports the others. Wouldn't you like to be like this?

    Don Samuel Valero

Instructions: In the comprehension test circle one of the following letters: a, b, c.



1.- The opposite of "loyalty" is:   

a) Not knowing how to correspond.

b) Ignorance.   

c) Treason.

2.- The bonds of friendship and family:  

a) Are implicit.

b) Are written.

c) Manifest through words.

3.- Loyalty strengthens and protects the values of a group:

a) Never.

b) Always.   

c) Sometimes.

4.- Being consistent with the one’s promise is:   

a) Loyalty.

b) Friendship.    

c) Nobility.

5.- One of these actions does not contribute to loyalty:  

a) Developing one’s sense of honor.

b) Respecting the dignity of others.

c) Developing one’s sense of humor.

6.- Having a connection with a group is manifested through:   

a) Words.

b) Written works.   

c) It is not necessary to say so.  

7.- The commitment to maintain some links is known as:   

a) Friendship.

b) Loyalty.  

c) Nobility.

8.- The one that stays united to a group with whom he or she has a special connection is:

a) Fair.

b) Polite.   

c) Formal.

9.- If conflict arises between two institutions, one must take the side of the one that: 

a) Has the highest number of components.

b) Has the most important values.     

c) Is more influential.

10.- One of these behaviors does not contribute to loyalty:  

a) Changing friends often.

b) Acting with responsibility.

c) Being constant in carrying out duties.

| Educational applications | Reading |
In Spanish  | Interactive

®Arturo Ramo García.-Record of intellectual property of Teruel (Spain) No 141, of29-IX-1999
Plaza Playa de Aro, 3, 1º DO 44002-TERUEL