- ENGLAND. In the second half of the XIX century England was at the head of the industrialized countries, being the first world power.
Queen Victoria I’s reign was 64 years long(1837-1901), and is called the Victorian period by the English. England extended and consolidated its empire during this period. (see figure).
The Queen governed with a balance between two parties, which peacefully turned the power: the torys (conservatives), who defended the authority of the king over the Parliament, and the whigs (liberals), who were in favour of the Parliament’s supremacy.
Victoria I tried to solve three problems:
+ An electoral reform, to achieve great voter access.
+ An economic reform, which repealed the law about cereals (which blocked wheat import). Free commerce was allowed, which reduce daily costs and developed industry and trade.
+ Ireland question. In 1921 Ireland became full independent under the name Eire or Irish Free State.
-FRANCE. Louis Napoleon Bonaparte ended the Second French Republic with a coup d’état on 2 December 1851, acquiring state powers and self-proclaiming Emperor of the French under the name of Napoleon III. He beautified the country and organized two exhibitions in 1858 and 1867.
He leaded the FrancoPrussian war, where he was defeated in Sedan. With his defeat, the Second French Empire fell and the Third Republic was proclaimed.
2. Write if these facts are refering to Great Britain or France: