Medieval Culture and Art
1. The European Culture
Due to the consequences of the barbarian invasions, there was a major setback in European culture; however, during the Middle Ages, the European economy, culture and art were revived. It is therefore false that the Middle Ages were a barbarian or uncultivated period.
Medieval culture is attached to the Church, and intellectual labor, science and the arts were an exclusive monopoly of the monks. The culture developed during the first centuries of the Middle Ages in monasteries. From the XIII century on, the experimental method and the scientific spirit developed outside the monasteries. We can distinguish:
- UNIVERSITIES. At first, education was provided in the schools of the cathedrals and monasteries. From the XIII century, the Universities were formed by a group of teachers and students. There were faculties of Liberal Arts, Law, Medicine, Philosophy and Theology. The most famous ones were the universities of Paris, Bologna and Montpellier.
- PHILOSOPHY. The scholastic method was developed, through which after reading a philosophical text, the topic was discussed and a final conclusion was reached. St. Thomas Aquinas was well known and created Thomism. The Franciscans and Dominicans contributed the highest number of professors for the universities. Roger Bacon and Duns Scotus were also very well known.
- LANGUAGE ARTS AND SCIENCES. Romance languages developed from the Latin language, such as French, Italian, Castilian Spanish, etc. Medicine was cultivated in the schools of Salerno and Montpellier. Mathematics was studied together with astronomy and cosmography.
2. Answer if the statement refers to the universities, philosophy, the arts or science: