The Byzantine Empire
1. History of the Byzantine Empire
Before his death, the emperor Theodosius the Great divided his states between his two sons. Honorius received the West and Arcadius the East. In 476, Romulus Ausgustulus was dismissed when Odoacer, leader of the barbarous people, took control of Rome. With this fact the Middle Ages start.
But the Eastern Roman Empire survived for over a thousand years with frequent wars and some difficulties until the conquest of Constantinople by the Turks in 1453. The Capital was Byzantium, also called Constantinople, because Constantine inaugurated it as the capital of the empire in 330 A.C.
Arcadio was the first monarch who had to defend himself of the Germans, Bulgarians and Persians.
The Byzantine Empire reached its peak with Justinian. Great part of the territories of the original Roman Empire, such as North Africa, Italy and part of the Iberian Peninsula, was conquered. But these conquests were short and fell into the hands of the barbarians.
Justinian's successes are due to two qualities: first, they were hard working, such was the case that soldiers called him "the emperor who never sleeps" and second, he had a special intuition to choose the right person to every moment.
With Basil I the peak is reached in all aspects and in his time the Bulgarians were defeated. But in 1054 the East–West Schism that separated the Roman Church from the Byzantine occurred. Thus the decline of the Empire starts.
2. Answers if these facts refer to the emperor Arcadius, to Justinian or to Basil I: