Civilization of Germans


   1. Civilization of Germanic kingdoms

    The barbarians used to adopt the customs and religion of the previous population and were assimilating the remains of Roman culture. Some important figures appeared:

   - The Ostrogoths: in the picture, we see the Mausoleum of Theodoric the Great, king of the Ostrogoths, who established the capital in Ravenna (Italy). In this city also stands out the Basilica of Saint Apollinare Nuovo. Two important writers were Cassiodorus and Boethius.

   - The Anglo-Saxons: the figure of the Venerable Bede, author of the "Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation" and Saint Boniface, prominent for his work of apostolate.

   - THE FRANKS: They developed a superior culture to the rest of the barbarians, especially after that Clovis adopted Christianity as official religion in France. The figure of Saint Gregory of Tours, author of “History of the Franks “stood out.


   2. Indicate if these sentences refer to the Ostrogoths, to the Franks or to the Anglo-Saxons
 

Saint Gregory of Tours

Mausoleum of Theodoric

The Venerable Bede

Basilica of Saint Apollinaris

They developed a superior culture

Saint Boniface






    3. Culture and art of the Visigoths

   - CULTURE. The Visigoths and Hispano-romans were ruled by a variety of laws, until the King Recceswinth published " Liber Iudiciorum " , which contained more than five hundred gathered and ordered laws.

   An important personage is Saint Isidore of Seville, a great theologian and religious reformer who wrote the “Etymologies ".

   - ART: In architecture, they used the horseshoe arch. The church of San Juan de Baños (Palencia), with the horseshoe arch and the rectangular apse stood out (see the upper picture) .

  In metalwork, they made major works in gold and precious stones. On the side part, we see the votive crown of the King Recceswinth that is part of the treasure found in Guarrazar (Toledo).

   The Treasure of Torredonjimeno (Jaen) is also important.


   4. Indicate if these sentences refer to the culture or to the Visigothic art:

Recceswinth compiled laws

They used the horseshoe arch

Church of San Juan de Baños

Saint Isidore of Seville

Liber Iudiciorum

They stood out in metalwork

The Etymologies

Treasure of Torredonjimeno

Votive crown of Recceswinth




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®Arturo Ramo García.-Record of intellectual property of Teruel (Spain) No 141, of 29-IX-1999
Plaza Playa de Aro, 3, 1º DO 44002-TERUEL