1. The Roman civilization
The Romans did not create an original civilization but they adopted the Greek culture, adapting it to their particular way.
But its importance resided in the dissemination of the culture throughout the Empire and it set the foundations for the following European nations.
2. Language and Law
The Romans spoke Latin which was used for many centuries after the fall of Rome. In the various provinces, it was modified and Romance languages emerged, such as Spanish, French, Italian, Catalan, Galician, etc.
Latin remained the educated language in which great works were written in the Middle and early Modern Ages. Currently it is the official language of the Catholic Church and the Roman numerals system survives.
The law is the most original contribution of the Romans to the universal culture. First they adopted the law of the Twelve Tables of Greek, but they created their own Roman law. Ulpian, Papinianus and Paulus were the most notable jurists. They regulated the relations between family members and the different families. Nowadays, many aspects of Roman law are in force as the concept of parental rights, the property right, the inheritance right and contracts.
3. Indicate if these sentences refer to the language or to the law: