1. Democracy and Olympic games
The Greek civilization surpassed all that the human mind had created in the Near East.
One of the characteristics of the Greek culture is the concept of human freedom, which appears in the desire to control the own destiny and to participate in the government of people. We found this in the concept of democracy and in the government of the polis, which has already been discussed above.
With the Sea expansion in the Mediterranean, craftsmen and traders became important. Hence the idea of freedom and equality of men appeared and Athenians began to intervene in the government. So the democracy appeared.
From Cleisthenes (at the end of the VI century B.C.), all Greek citizens were entitled to vote and to be elected to occupy government positions.
In the city of Olympia, there was a very important sanctuary dedicated to Zeus. From VII century B.C. every four years sports games were celebrated during five days in honor of that god.