The Age of Metals
1. The Age of Metals
When humans gradually discovered metals, they gradually abandoned stone as the basic element for their instrument and tools. Three stages are distinguished within this Age due to the different types of metals that were used:
- Copper was the first known metal. It is of a low hardness and it was used to make ornaments.
- Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin and it is harder and stronger than copper. Several eastern Mediterranean peoples discovered this metallurgy and progressed rapidly.
During this Age, agricultural tools were developed with bronze, such as plows and sickles, military weapons like swords, spears and shields, as well as household utensils like jars, bowls and cups. On the image above, there is a cart (offering to the Sun God), which was found in Trundholm (Denmark) and was made our of bronze and gold.
This metal was discovered in the year 3000 A.C.
- Iron was found somewhere near the Black Sea.
It is harder and more durable than bronze, and was served as a main element in the manufacturing of objects.
The first instruments were manufactured at around 1,200 A.C.
This metal was then spread by the Celts to the peoples of the Mediterranean.
A) Indicate to what stage the following statements refer to (copper, bronze, or iron)