Australia and New Zealand

   About the information of each country, pay attention on its geography, its capital, its population, area and PIB per capita (PPP) (the Gross Domestic Product is the value of production of the nation's total output of goods and services, divided by the average population. Per capita = per inhabitant. Information from World Development Indicators, World Bank)


Australia

Hymn

Dependences: Christmas, Islands ; Cocos, Island ; Coral Sea, Islands ,Norfolk, Island
Population: 20.950.604 inhabitants
Area: 7.741.220 Km2
Coin: Australian dollar
PIB:31.794 $ per capita
Language: English
Name official: Commonwealth of Australia
Capital: Canberra 373.000 inhabitants (2003).
Other cities: Sydney 3.985.800 inhabitants; Melbourne 3.317.300; Brisbane 1.535.300; Perth 1.365.600; Adelaide 1.115.900 (2000).
Government: Parliamentary monarchy.
Religion: Christian 74% (24% Anglicans, 27% Catholics, 8% Methodists). Buddhists, Muslims, Confucian an others 13%.

   Geography. The country takes up the continental region of Oceania and the island of Tasmania. The relief is mostly flat. The Australian mountain range extended itself over the East coast. In the interior of the country we can found the Great Central Basin, a desertic plateau surrounded by steppes and savannah. Desert areas spread to the West. The North region, the rainiest of the country, has a mild climate and dense jungles. 75% of the population is concentrated around the Southeast coast, which has mild climate and well spread rainfall throughout the year. Australia is also one of the biggest wheat producers. It also produces oats, barley and sugar cane. It has the biggest ovine cattle in its interior steppes, and it is one of the main world exporters of yarn. It also exports meat and dairy products and is one of the main mineral producers: coal, iron, bauxite, lead, zinc, copper, nickel and uranium. It is fully self-sufficient of petroleum and has a remarkable industrial park, concentrated in the South East.


New Zealand

Hymn

Dependences: Cook, Islands ; Niue ; Tokelau

Population: 4.214.814 inhabitants

Area: 270.530 Km2

Coin: New Zealander Dollar

PIB: 24.996 $ per capita

Language: English and Maori

Official name: New Zealand (English), Aotearoa (Maori).

Capital: Wellington 343.000 inhabitants (2003).


Other cities: Auckland 1.120.000 inhabitants; Christchurch 344.000; Hamilton 172.400; Dunedin 111.400; Palmertson N. 75.700 (2002).
Government: Parliamentary monarchy
Religion: mostly Anglicans and other Protestant groups; there are Catholic and Muslim minorities and some Maories churchs.

   Geography:It is situated in the South-East of Australia. Its two main islands are mountainous: the North island is volcanic, with plateaus and geisers. The South is crossed by a mountain range (Southern Alps), with peaks over 3.000 metres. The climate is rainy and temperate, being colder in the South. The basis of the local economy is agriculture, but tourism is increasing importance.


   1. Answer with the proper country: Australia or New Zelanda

The capital is Wellington

It is the largest

It is the most populated

Its economy is based on agriculture

Great producer of wheat

It has tourism development

The highest PIB

Its capital is Canberra






   2. Write the capitals of the following countries:

Australia

New Zealand



 
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®Arturo Ramo García.-Record of intellectual property of Teruel (Spain) No 141, of 29-IX-1999
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