Resources

   1. Land Resources

   Nature is the home of man that God has given us. Our ancestors lived there for thousands of years and found food, clothing, firewood, materials to build houses, etc. All this because of the exploitation of land resources which are three: plants, animals and minerals.


   2. Plant resources

   Men throughout history fed on the harvest of the fruits of the trees. The hunting and fishing were also the basis of their diet. They also used the wood from the trees. From Plant fibers, they did several objects and costumes. Currently they are obtained from nature:

   - Food products: wheat, fruits, legumes, oil, wine, coffee, tea, etc.
   The main producers of cereals are: China, India, Brazil, United States and Russia.
   The main producers of fruit are: China, India, Brazil, United States and Spain.
   Vegetable producers are: China, India, the U.S. and Turkey.

   - Forest products are: fine woods (mahogany, ebony) and construction wood material like cellulose, rubber, cork, resin, etc.
   The main rubber producers are: Thailand, United States, Indonesia and China.

   - Textile products are: cotton, linen, hemp, rayon and esparto.
   The biggest producers of cotton are: China, U.S., India, Pakistan and Brazil.

   - The grass is the food for stock.


   3. Choose one of these words and answer: food , forest or textile products:
 

Mahogany and ebony

Cotton and linen

Fruits and legumes

Thailand produces rubber

China produces cotton

China produces cereals


    4. Animal resources

   Some inhabitants of Central Asia live off shepherding. Animals provide them food, clothing and footwear. Nowadays, man has improved the stockbreeding by selecting livestock animals and feeding methods. Man gets:

   - Food: meat, milk, eggs, cheese and tinned food.
   The main countries that produce meat are: China, United States, Brazil, Germany and France.

   - Industrial products: wool and leather.
   The main countries that produce wool are: Australia, New Zealand, China and Argentina.

   - Ways of work to farm and as a means of transport.


   5. Choose one of these words and answer: food, industrial products or ways of work:

For farming

Meat and milk

Wool and leather

Means of transport

China produces meat

Australia produces wool






    6. Mineral resources

   Primitive men used hard stones to make their weapons. Then they used the copper mixed with the tin that produced the bronze. Currently they are obtained:

   - Precious metals: gold, silver, platinum, diamonds, etc.
   The most important gold producers are South Africa, Australia, the U.S. and China.
   Producers of silver: Peru, Mexico, China, Australia and Chile.
   Producers of Platinum: South Africa, Russia and North America.

   - Useful Minerals: iron, copper, tin, zinc, lead, aluminum, etc.
   The most important copper producers are Chile, United States, Indonesia and Peru.
   Producers of Lead: China, Austria, United States, Peru and Mexico.
   Producers of tin: China, Indonesia, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil.
   Producers of Zinc: China, Australia and Peru.

   - Chemical fertilizers: phosphates, nitrates and potash for farm work.  


    7. Choose one of these words and answer: precious metal, useful mineral or chemical fertilizers:

Chile produces copper

Phosphates and nitrates

South Africa produces gold

Diamonds

Potash

Peru produces tin

South Africa produced Platinum

Mexico produces lead


     8. Environmental Protection

     On several occasions the man exploited improperly natural resources harming Nature, today's society and future generations. We emphasize:

   - Plant exploitation, through the devastation of arable land and forests. The vegetation is threatened by air pollution, acid rain and deforestation or forest destruction.

   - Animal exploitation. It is unjustifiable the abusive hunting of animal species. For example, the Spain Ibex is endangered. Many species with precious skin such as minks, ermine, beaver and marten have been killed in the forests of Canada, America and Siberia .

   - Devastating exploitation of minerals. In recent years there has been an abusive exploitation of the reserves of coal, oil and phosphates, seriously jeopardizing their extinction. It was also produced an inconsiderate exploitation of iron.


     9. Conservation of Nature

     Currently all men should feel obliged to take care of nature, to love it and respect it. The next generation must inherit a clean and healthy earth preserving all the plant and animal species. This requires taking these actions:

   - Do not throw plastics, cans and other wastes.

   - Avoid fire in places where there is danger of fire.

   - Avoid herbicides that contaminate the soil.

   - Prevent soil erosion.

   - Respect the laws that regulate wood cutting.

   - Collaborate in forest plantations and reforestation.

   - Avoid gases that pollute the atmosphere.

   - Avoid landfill that pollutes the waters.

   - Respect the laws on hunting and fishing.

   - Cooperate in the protection of endangered species.




 
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®Arturo Ramo García.-Record of intellectual property of Teruel (Spain) No 141, of 29-IX-1999
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