1. Geography

   Geography was invented out of humankind’s curiosity to get to know the Earth, the planet on which we live. In order to satisfy this curiosity, humans travel and explore, and that is how new regions were discovered on our planet.

   Geography is the science that describes, explains, and locates all of the phenomena that are produced on the surface of the Earth.

-    Describe the Earth by indicating its topography, vegetation, weather, resources and inhabitants.

-    Explain geographic facts, in other words, that can explain the root causes of them.

-    Locate geographical facts (physical, astronomical, biological, economic and political) on Earth.

   A) Describes, explains and locates:

Study the causes of geographical facts.

Determine the place.

Describe the weather.

    2. The Division of Geography

   Geography is divided into two main branches: Natural and Human.

    Natural Geography studies the phenomena in which humans have not intervened, for example, mountains, rivers, planets, and winds.

    At the same time, Natural Geography is divided into three groups:

    - Astronomical Geography, which studies the Earth as a planet within the Universe. Examples: the Solar System, the Moon, other planets, and the Universe.

    - Physical Geography, which studies the shape and distribution of continents, oceans, the weather, and the atmosphere.

    - Biological Geography, which studies the distribution of animals and plants on the terrestrial surface.

   B)  Select the type of Geography: physical, astronomical, or biological

Studies plants

Studies planets

Studies Earth’s oceans

Studies the Moon

Studies the distribution of animals

Studies the weather of different regions

   3. Human Geography

   Human Geography studies geographic facts within which humans have intervened. Examples: roads, industries, cities, etc.

    Human Geography is divided into two branches:

    - Economic Geography, which studies the production, distribution, and consumption of resources. Examples: agriculture, livestock, fishing, mines, and industries.

    - Political Geography, which studies the formation and distribution of states in relation to geographic factors. Examples: the study of provinces and states.

  C) Indicate the type of Geography economic, political, physical, astronomical, or biological:

Studies roads

Studies rivers

Studies the Solar System

Studies states

Studies animals

Studies provinces

Studies agriculture:


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®Arturo Ramo García.-Record of intellectual property of Teruel (Spain) No 141, of 29-IX-1999
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