35. The Marriage
1. The sacrament of Marriage
The Marriage is the sacrament which sanctifying the union between a man and a woman, and gives them grace to live together in pace and bring up children to Heaven.
As a natural union between man and woman, the Marriage exists since the beginning of the world. God founded it in the Paradise when blessed Adam and Eve, saying: "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth” (Génesis 1, 28).
As a sacrament it was instituted by Jesus Christ. Tradition pointed the presence of Jesus in the wedding of Cana as a divine confirmation of the value of Marriage.
For all of these, for Christians there are only one true Marriage, the sacramental one acquired by the Church. Civil marriage has not more value than a legal state ceremony.
The properties of Marriage are two: unity and indissolubility.
- Unity means that a single man must join a single woman.
- Indissolubility means that the bond between spouses cannot be broken. Only death can end a marriage, and while they are alive other unions are not licit. Divorce is condemned by the Church. Jesus said: “Therefore what God has joined together, let no one separate.” (Matthew 19,6). Marriage must be joined for some reasons: for the good of the sons, of the spouses, and also for the good of all the society. When families are stables, the order and wellfare of society and people is higher. Divorce can broke and end this happiness.
The matter of the sacrament is the mutual dedication of the spouses. The shape is the mutual acceptance of the other in presence of the priest. The ministers of this sacrament are the two contracting members. The subject is every Christian who is free of impediment.