19. Who belongs to the Church?
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Name: ______________________________________  Subject: _______________________ Date: _______

Write the missing word

  Introduction

    Paul the apostle compares the Christ' body (the Church) with the human body, which is one with different members. In the body of the Church, Christ is the head and the Christians are the members: those of the earth, those of the purgatory and those of the heaven. This is called the Mystical Body of Christ.

    Those worldly members are different according to their position in the Church: the Pope, the bishops, the priests, the laity...However, these differences are joined together in the great family of the sons of God where everybody cooperates like a family to accomplish the mission entrusted to the Apostles: to preach the Gospel with the observance of the commandments, and to communicate the supernatural life to the souls through the sacraments. All this enables that everybody reaches the salvation in Christ.

    The Christians have different missions, but all of them also have their responsibilities.

  A. Choose one of the following words and answer: sick, healthy, human, Christ, the Virgin, Saint Joseph, friends, members, colleagues, family, gang or meeting.

 Paul the apostle compares the Church with the  
 The head of the Mystical Body is
 
 Christians are the
 
 In the Church, All of us cooperate like a
 

  Main Ideas

1. The Church is governed by the Pope and the bishops

    Peter and the apostles governed the Church and gave their powers to the successors. The Pope and the bishops are the Hierarchy that governs God's people helped by the presbyters and deacons to whom we have to love and obey. The mission received is to teach the doctrine of Christ by preaching the Gospel; to sanctify by the sacraments; to govern by dictating laws, by judging and by punishing, if it is needed.

2. The Pope

    The pope is the successor of Peter, the Vicar of Christ on earth and the head of the whole Church. He has supreme jurisdiction over all and each of the pastors and believers. Furthermore -for divine will, the Pope as the supreme teacher of the whole Church is infallible and cannot err when he has to determine the doctrines of faith and moral.

3. The Bishops

    The Bishops are successors of the apostles that together with the Pope teach God's people as teachers of the doctrine, priests of the sacred worship and rectors of the flock entrusted to them, usually a small portion of the Church called dioceses. With regard to the magisterium of Bishops, "although each does not enjoy the prerogative of infallibility, however give infallibly know the doctrine of Christ when even scattered throughout the world, keep the communion among themselves and with the successor of Pedro and to authentically teach matters of faith and morals, agree that a doctrine should definitely be maintained " (Lumen gentium, 25).

  B. Choose one of the words in parentheses and answer:

 The Pope and the bishops ( ....................) the God's people.

 The Church ( .............. ) the doctrine of Christ.

 The Church ( .................. ) through the sacraments.

 The mission of the church is to ( ................. ) by dictating laws.

 The Pope is the successor of ( ................ )

 The Pope is infallible and cannot ( ..................) in faith and moral.

 Bishops are the successors of the ( ..................... )  

 The Bishop governs a ( ..................... )  

4. The priests of the second order and the deacons

    The presbyters or priests of the second order are the ministers of Christ, that from the authority of the bishop, cooperate with him in the preaching of the Gospel, in the sanctification of the believers and in the direction of Christian people in order to achieve the salvation, especially through the sacraments of penance and the Eucharist.

    Deacons are the lowest grade of Orders, but they are not priests and cannot exercise the priest functions. They are ordained to the God's people in union with the bishop and his priest in the ministry of liturgy, of preaching and of charity.

5. The Laity

    They are the largest part of the God's people. The laity are the faithful Christians (except clerics and religious) that through the baptism form the God's people and participate in their own way in the priestly and prophetic function of Christ, exercising in the Church and in the world the mission of the whole Christian people. They must be witnesses of Christ in all places where they live and are destined to be saints like other members of the Church.

6. The priests

    They are the believers who live to profess the evangelical advices of poverty, chastity and obedience; thereby they provide an admirable testimony that the world cannot be transformed and offered to God without the spirit of the Beatitudes. In this way, they contribute to the good of the whole Church and to the realization of the saving mission.


Catechesis Course. Mister Jaime Pujol Balcells and Mister Jesús Sancho Bielsa. EUNSA. Navarra. 1982. With the authors permission.


  C. Choose one of the words in parenthese and answer: reading, writing, preaching, medium, lowest, superior, liturgy, marriage, union, meeting, friends, enemies, witnesses, domain, obedience or command.

 The presbyter or priests cooperate with the Bishop in the ( ................. )

 Deacons are the ( ................. ) grade of Orders.

 Deacons cooperate in ministry of ( ...................... )

 The laity must be ( ..................... ) of Christ in all places.

 The priests experience poverty, chastity and ( ................... )

  Catechisms Questions

1. What is the mission of the Church?  The mission of the Church is to continue the work of Christ in the world.

2. Have all the Christians to accomplish the mission of the church in the same way?  All the Christians have to accomplish the mission of the Church but not in the same way, since the place, the responsibility and the performance that they do in the Church are different.

3. Who is the Pope?  The Pope is the successor of Peter, the Vicar of Christ, Head of the College of Bishops and Pastor of the Universal Church.

4. Does the Pope have the gift of infallibility?  Christ willed to confer his own infallibility to the church, and the Pope like the supreme teacher of the whole Church has this gift thanks to his ministry when he speaks ex cathedra, that is, when he determines doctrines of faith and moral.

5. When do we have to obey and follow his teachings?  We must obey the Pope and follow his teachings forever, receiving his guidance on faith and moral with the degree of acceptance that his teaching requires.

6. Who are the Bishops?  Bishops are the successors of the Apostles who participate in the apostolic responsibility and in the mission of the Church from the authority of the Pope. They are the visible head of the Church.

7. Who are members of the Church?  The members of the Church are the saints in heaven, the souls in purgatory and the believers on earth.

  D. Choose the correct response. The possible answers are below: 

 QUESTIONS

 ANSWERS

 What is the mission of the Church?
 
 Have all Christians to accomplish the mission of the church in the same way?
 
 Who is the Pope?
 
 Does the Pope have the gift of infallibility?
 
 When do we have to obey and follow his teachings?
 
 Who are the Bishops?
 
 Who are members of the Church?
 

 

 POSSIBLE ANSWERS

 A

 Christ willed to confer his own infallibility to the church, and the Pope like the supreme teacher of the whole Church has this gift thanks to his ministry when he speaks ex cathedra, that is, when he determines doctrines of faith and moral.

 B

 But not in the same way, since the place, the responsibility and the performance that they do in the Church are different.

 C

 The members of the Church are the saints in heaven, the souls in purgatory and the believers on earth.

 D

 The successor of Peter, the Vicar of Christ, Head of the College of Bishops and Pastor of the Universal Church.

 E

 Always, receiving his orientation on faith and moral with the degree of acceptance that his teaching requires.

 F

 To continue the work of Christ in the world.

 G

 The successors of the Apostles who participate in the apostolic responsibility and in the mission of the Church from the authority of the Pope. They are the visible head of the Church.





  Purposes of Christian life

– Meditate on the mission of Christ. All Christians has the responsibility to accomplish the mission of the Church.

– Pray for the Pope and the Bishops; especially for the bishop of the diocese. It can be done in a special way at Mass.





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®Arturo Ramo García.-Record of intellectual property of Teruel (Spain) No 141, of 29-IX-1999.
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