30. The reception Jesus Christ
in the Holy Communion

 Introduction

   The first Christians found the reason for their heroism in the Eucharist. Confirmation gave them encouragement and strength to defend their faith.

    Tarcisio was a child that carried the Eucharist to those who were imprisoned because of their faith. When he walked, he met pagan playmates. He was invited to play, but he could not because he had the Lord. They knew that he was a Christian and, realizing that he was hiding something, he was violently attacked and beaten while he tried to defend the treasure.

    At that time a soldier appeared and captured Tarcisio to imprison him. Although he was seriously wounded, he told the prisoners that he brought the Communion. So those martyrs of the faith (like tarcisio) could receive communion after dying.

    With this respect and love, the early Christians lived the Eucharist.

  A. Choose one of these words and answer: square, jail, beat, caressed, toy, treasure, Tarcisio, John, the poor or martyrs.

 Tarcisio carried the Eucharist to those who were in the

 Pagan playmates attacked and

 Tarcisio defended his

 A soldier jailed

 Tarcisio and other Christians died






  Main Ideas

1. The Eucharistic sacrifice and the communion

   The Eucharistic sacrifice or holy Mass is the sacrifial memorial that perpetuates the sacrifice of the cross offered to the Father, and the sacred banquet of communion in the Body and Blood of Christ. The Eucharist is also directed to the intimate union of the faithful with Christ through the communion where Christ is received. Christ offers to the Father and gives himself to men.

2. Jesus introduced the Eucharist as food for our souls

   Jesus promised the Apostles in Capernaum that would give his flesh for the life of the world: "He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life and I will raise him up on the last day. For my flesh is true food, and my blood is drink: he who eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me and I in him "(John 6, 54 - 56).

    At the Last Supper, the promise was fulfilled and the Lord introduced the Eucharist: "Take and eat; this is my body" (Matthew 26, 26). It is the clear statement that the body of the Lord is in the Eucharist and is our food.

3.The fruits of communion

   The communion supports the spiritual life the same way as tangible food supports body life. In particular, we can note these fruits of communion:

    – Increase the union with Christ, truly present in the sacrament.

    – Increase the grace and virtues in people who receive communion worthily.

    – Separate us from the sin: purify of venial sins, of failures and negligence, because it arouses charity.

    – Strengthen the unity of the Church, the Mystical Body of Christ.

    – Christ gives us the future glory in the Eucharist.

  B. Choose one of these words and answer: banquet, supper, them, us, eternal, limited, Blood, Body, food, drink, Christ, Mary, Grace, health, boredom, sin, region or Church.

 The Mass is a sacrifice and a

 Communion is to receive Christ who offers himself for

 Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has

 Jesus said: Take and eat; this is my

 In the Eucharist, The Lord is given as

 The communion increases the union with

 Who receives communion worthily increases the

 Communion separates us from

 Communion strengthens the unit of the


4. Aptitudes to receive communion

   They are:

    a) Being in God's grace that means, free of mortal sin. If mortal sins have not been confessed, no one can receive communion, despite the repentance. Venial sin does not impede the communion, but it is logical that we desire to receive Jesus with very a clean soul. Hence the Church advises to confess frequently, although we have no mortal sins. If someone came to receive communion in mortal sin, would commit a sacrilege.

    b) Save the Eucharistic fast: that implies not eat or drink one hour before receive communion; the water and medicines do not break the fast. The elderly, the sick and their nurses can receive commune despite the hour after drink has not passed.

    c) To know who is received: considering that Christ is received in the sacrament, we cannot come to receive Communion thoughtlessly or routinely. We have to do so to respond the desire of Jesus and to find in the communion a medicine for our weakness.

    Even in the external composure, we must manifest piety and respect with the Lord. To receive communion, we must kneel or stand up, as the hierarchy of the Church have determined it and ask the devotion of each of us.

5. Communion Thanksgiving

   Jesus has remained in the Eucharist for us. The best way to receive him is preparing well before receiving Communion. We must be aware of the gift received and we have to thank not only in the moment of communion but throughout the day. After communion, we must stay in the church or in the oratory giving thanks at least a few minutes.

6. The Obligation and need to receive communion frequently

   To receive Communion is not really necessary for salvation; if a newly baptized child dies, he is saved. But Jesus said, "Except you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you" (John 6, 53). Corresponding to these words, the Church orders in the third commandment that all Christians must receive consciously the Eucharist at least once a year and for Easter. There is also an obligation to receive communion when we are in danger of death; in this case, the communion is received as a "Viaticum" which means preparation for the "journey" of eternal life.

    This is the minimum, and the precept must be well understood; hence the Church exhorts receive the Lord frequently, even daily. If someday we cannot receive communion, it is good to make a spiritual communion, expressing the desire to receive the Lord sacramentally.


Catechesis Course. Mister Jaime Pujol Balcells and Mister Jesús Sancho Bielsa. EUNSA. Navarra. 1982. With the permission of the authors.


  C. Choose one of these words and answer: God, joy, confession, communion, sacrilege, contempt, to receive communion, confess, talk, receive, things, thanks, year, trimester, spiritual or imaginary.

 To receive communion, we must be in

 Venial sin does not impede

 If someone receives communion in mortal sin, would commit a

 We cannot eat or drink an hour before

 When we receive communion, we should know to whom

 After communion we stay in the Church giving

 The Church orders to receive Communion at least once a

 If we can not receive communion, we can do a


  Catechism Questions

1. What is the holy Communion?  The Holy Communion is to Receive Jesus Christ under the species of bread and wine.

2. What are the fruits of communion?  The fruits of communion are to join Christ, to forgive venial sins, to preserve mortal sins and to reinforce the unity of the Church.

3. How many things are necessary to receive Holy Communion well?  Three things are necessary: to be in God's grace, to save the Eucharistic fast and to know who to receive.

4. Who is in God's grace?  The person who is free of mortal sin.

5. What sin commits the person who receive communion in mortal sin? A horrible sacrilege.

6. What is the third commandment of the Church? The third commandment of the Church is to receive communion at Easter.

7. Who has the obligation to receive communion?  All Christians who have reached the age of reason.

8. Does the Church want that we confess and receive communion frequently?  The Church wishes that we confess and receive communion frequently, and we must not be content to do it once a year.

  D. Select the button for the correct answer. The possible answers are below:


 QUESTIONS

 ANSWERS

 What is Holy Communion?

 What are the fruits of communion?

 How many things are necessary to receive Holy Communion well?

 Who is in God's grace?

 What sin commits the person who receive communion in mortal sin?

 What is the third commandment of the Church?

 Who has the obligation to receive communion?

 Does the Church want that we confess and receive communion frequently?


 POSSIBLE ANSWERS

 A

 Who is in God's grace?

 B

 To receive communion at Easter.

 C

 To Join Christ, to forgive venial sins, to preserve of mortal sins and to reinforce the unity of the Church.

 D

 All Christians who have reached the age of reason.

 E

 To Receive Jesus Christ under the species of bread and wine.

 F

A horrible sacrilege.

 G

Yes. And we should not be content to do it once a year.

 H

Three things are necessary: to be in God's grace, to save the Eucharistic fast and to know who to receive.


  Purposes of Christian life

– Make the firm intention of always receiving communion with appropriate aptitudes.

– At the end of the Mass, Stay a few minutes thanking Jesus for having received communion



 
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®Arturo Ramo García.-Record of intellectual property of Teruel (Spain) No 141, of 29-IX-1999
Plaza Playa de Aro, 3, 1º DO 44002-TERUEL