14. The human soul
1. Existence and faculties of the soul
It is said by some philosophers: “Everything that is has a reason. There is no cause without effect”.
We know that there are psychic movements, as knowedge, feelings, tendencies and superior movements which only take part in the human mind. These psychic facts must have a cause, a reason for their existence. The reason of these psychic phenomena is the soul. Our soul is what causes the superior psychic facts.
The faculties of the soul are two: undertanding and will. To understand something is an act of reason, while the act of wanting something is an act of the faculy called will.
Man does other acts, as remember, feel, see, listen, etc, but these acts don’t imply the existence of rational faculties. Therefore, soul’s attributes are knowledge and will.