2. The sophisms
1. Fallacies and sophisms
Sometimes is hard to find the truth or to distinguish between true and false arguments in TV or in other media.
A fallacy is when an argument seems right but it is not.
A sophism is a fallacy which tries to deceive us.
Plato said that the sophists were masters in showing false arguments as true ones and true arguments as false ones. A sophism is a false argument, masked as a true one, with an intention of deceive us.
A high number of mistakes are due to the ambiguous or confusing meaning of some words.
JUAN: Not only in TV are false arguments, but also in newspapers and radio.
MARÍA: Advertisements say that certain soap is the best, although there are others which also could be as good as the first.
JUAN: The sophists lied, trying to be believed or to sell a certain product.
MARÍA: These fallacies and sophisms are not new, because they were discovered by Plato two thousand years ago.