Circumference and circle 


1. The Circumference
If we put a coin on a paper and we pass a pencil around its edge, we obtain a circumference. With a compass we can also draw it. The compass needle is the center.
The circumference is a closed curve on which all points are at the same distance from its center.




2. Circumference parts
The radius is a line segment joining the centre of the circle to any point on the circle.
The diameter is any straight line segment that passes through the center of the circle. It is equivalent to two radiuses. The diameter divides the circumference into two semicircumferences.
The chord is a line segment whose endpoints lie on the circle.
The arc is a portion of the circumference.
The Secant intersects two points on the curve.
The tangent is the straight line that "just touches" the curve at a single point.
The line that does not touch the circumference is called exterior.
Look at the picture and answer these questions: