29. The Penance
1. The sacrament of Penance
The Penance is the sacrament instituted by our Lord Jesus Christ to forgive the sins comitted after Baptism.
This sacrament is absolutely necessary for those who have commited a mortal sin after Baptism. If it is not possible to confess because we don't find a priest, the desire of confession and the pain caused by our offenses to God, our Father (sign of contriction) also forgives sins.
- The remote matter consists in the sins which must be forgiven. The proximate matter are the three acts of the penitent: contrition, confesion and satisfaction.
- The shape is the words pronounced by the priest during the absolution: “I absolve you of your sins in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit”. These words, along with the three acts of the penitent, are the sensible signs of the sacrament of Penance.
- The minister of Penance is every priest with the corresponding consent of the bishop about the people he could absolve or the places he could confess.
- The subject of Penance is every person who commit a sin after Baptism.