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Name: ______________________________________   Subject: _______________________  Date: _______

Write the missing word


    By choosing the column on the left, you have shown me that you want to be responsible. You have hopes of preparing yourself for the future.

    Me, your friend the Computer, cannot be responsible. I am a machine that acts blindly. If I ever disappoint you, do not make me responsible for it. I am not conscious of my own acts. What I mean is that I cannot think about the decision I make nor am I free to choose or implement them.

    But you are! And because you are free and intelligent, you can progress in the virtue of “responsibility”.

    You want to know why?

    First of all, I want to explain to you what responsibility is.

    A person is responsible when he or she assumes the consequences of their own acts; when that person responds to the decisions that were personally taken or those taken by others.

    Responsible is a person that compromises up until the last consequences from the decisions taken with their free will; by exercises free will, and thinking beforehand about what could be. It is about thinking before acting and adhering to what will happen. It is about responding your own acts.

    Responsible is a person who can compromise, until the very last consequences, with the decisions made through his or her own free will.

    It is about using one’s free will thinking beforehand about the possible consequences. It is about thinking before acting and abiding by what happens. It is about responding to one’s own actions.

    All of this can be summarized in the following words:

    “Think” before acting.

    “Anticipate” the consequences.

    “Choose” freely.

    “Compromise” with what was decided.


    Responsibility moderates the fluctuations of liberty. A responsible person decides by taking “duty” into account. Irresponsibility, on the other hand, decides based on impulses of what it wants or dislikes. The first one uses the head; the second one the instincts.

    The responsible person responds to his or her acts. But to whom?

    To its own conscious; to parents, brothers, friends, colleagues; to professors; to authorities, to society; to God, if believer. It depends on each case.

    You already have clear ideas. However, you want to educate yourself to be responsible?

    Exercise the following actions:

    * Think, before acting, about the consequences.

    * Consult the decisions to be taken with whom you must.

    * Ask the advice of competent people.

    * Fulfill orders and be accountable for them.

    * Do not blame others for what you have done wrong.

    * Be brave to acknowledge your failures to whom you must.

    * Rectify, immediately, the wrong doings.

    * Repair the damage that you have caused.

    Always act this way, and without noticing, you will progress in the virtue of Responsibility. It is a fundamental virtue in the personality of all men and women. An irresponsible person is the one that does not think, does not foresee, does not decide, does not compromise, and does not respond. This person can be all of that at the same time. What a pity!

    Don Samuel Valero

Instructions: In the comprehension test circle one of the following letters: a, b, c.


1.- The Computer cannot be responsible because:

a) It is a machine.  

b) Has flaws.

c) Does not think about decisions and it is not free to make them.

2.- A person is responsible when:

a) Assuming the consequences of his or her own acts.

b) Knowing about morality.

c) Answering calls.

3.- A person is not responsible when:

a) Deciding freely.

b) Acting blindly.

c) Compromising with what has been decided.

4.- A responsible person:

a) Can make decisions taking into account his or her own duty.

b) Fluctuates.  

c) Does whatever he or she wants.

5.- We can improve our responsibility by:

a) Not asking for advice.

b) Blaming others.

c) Thinking about the consequences.  

6.- Human beings can improve on their responsibility because we:

    a) Are free and intelligent.

    b) Do not have flaws.

    c) Are not machines.

7.- One of the following characteristics is not responsible:

    a) Thinking before acting.

    b) Foresee the consequences.

    c) Responding to the invitations of others.

8.- Responsibility can moderate: 

    a) Intelligence.

    b) Freedom.

    c) Passion.   

9.- It is said that an irresponsible person thinks with: 

    a) The head.

    b) The heart.

    c) The stomach.

10.- One cannot improve on responsibility by: 

    a) Excusing one’s flaws.

    b) Rectifying one’s bad acts.  

    c) Repairing the damage caused.

| Educational applications | Reading |
In Spanish  | Interactive

®Arturo Ramo García.-Record of intellectual property of Teruel (Spain) No 141, of 29-IX-1999
Plaza Playa de Aro, 3, 1º DO 44002-TERUEL